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Tsung-Ling Lee Associate Professor of Law
  • Job title: Associate Professor of Law
  • Name: Tsung-Ling Lee
  • Email:
  • Phone: 02-6620-2589#10508


Tsung-Ling Lee is an Associate Professor of Law at the Institute of Health and Biotechnology Law, Taipei Medical University in Taiwan. She is a legal scholar and interdisciplinary researcher who focuses on global health law. Her research areas encompass the interplay between international and domestic law in relation to contemporary health issues, the geopolitical implications that underpin the research, dissemination, and oversight of biotechnology, and the examination of legal rules to understand the role of international organizations in global health.

Her current research project focuses on accountability and the role of law in advancing biotechnologies. This includes examining how law, human rights, (bio)ethics, and markets—both individually and in combination—contribute to the transformation of democratic societies into sustainable bio-economies. The interdisciplinary study also explores "informal rulemaking" as part of facilitating transnational cooperation amongst the relevant actors. 

Areas of Expertise 

  • International Law

  • Global Health Law

  • Global Health Governance 

  • Health Law and Ethics

  • Law and Technology 

Selected Publications

I. Articles 

Tsung-Ling LeeRealising the right to participate in pandemic prevention, preparedness and response and beyond, BMJ Global Health 2023;8:e011689. 

Tsung-Ling Lee, The Rise of Technocracy and the Covid-19 pandemic in Taiwan: Courts, Human Rights and the Protection of the Vulnerable Populations, German Law Journal (online September 2021)

Tsung-Ling Lee, Covid-19 Vaccination Certificates and their Geopolitical Discontents, European Journal of Risk Regulation, 15 July 2021

Tsung-Ling LeeThe 2005 International Health Regulations: Taiwan, Compliance and the Exclusion Paradox (March 30, 2021). Asian Journal of WTO & International Health Law and Policy, Vol. 16, No. 1, March 2021, pp. 1-24.

Tsung-Ling LeeLegal preparedness as part of COVID-19 response: the first 100 days in Taiwan, BMJ Global Health, May 2020.

Tsung-Ling LeeGlobal Health in a Turbulent Time: A Commentary. Asian Journal of WTO & International Health Law and Policy, Vol.15, No. 1, March 2020, pp. 27-60. 

Tsung-Ling Lee, Two Minutes to Midnight – What International Law can do about Genome Editing, Asian Journal of WTO & International Health Law and Policy Vol.14, No.1, April 2019, pp. 227-265.

Tsung-Ling LeeMaking International Health Regulations Work: Lessons from the 2014 Ebola Outbreak, Vanderbilt Journal of Transnational Law 49, December 2016, pp. 931.

Tsung-Ling Lee, Tamra Lysaght, Adaptive Pathways Regulations for Stem Cells: Accelerating Access to Medicine or Deregulating Access to Market, SCRiPTed – a Journal of Law, Technology & Society, June 2017, pp. 81-99. 

Tsung-Ling Lee, EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF RISK REGULATION, Reviewing Bernard Harcourt, Exposed: Desire and Disobedience in the Digital Age, June 2016, pp. 463-465.

Tsung-Ling LeeTime for a Committee C for the WHO? COVID-19 and a more inclusive participation and accountable WHO, Journal of Global Health Reports Vol. 4, June 2020.

Tsung-Ling Lee, Tamra Lysaght, Conditional Approvals for Autologous Stem Cells: Conflicting Norms, Social Inequalities and Institutional Legitimacy, Perspectives in Biology and Medicine, January 2018.

Lal, A., Abdalla, S.M., Chattu, V.K., Erondu, N.A., Lee, T.-L., Singh, S., Abou-Taleb, H., Vega Morales, J., Phelan, A., 2022. Pandemic preparedness and response: exploring the role of universal health coverage within the global health security architecture. The Lancet Global Health 10, e1675e1683.. doi:10.1016/s2214-109x(22)00341-2   

Tsung-Ling Lee, Tamra Lysaght, Wendy Lipworth, Ian Kerridge, Tereza Hendl, Megan Munsie, Cameron Stewart, Regulating the Stem Cell Industry: Needs and Responsibilities. Bulletin of the World Health Organization, Volume 95 (Number 9), September 2017, pp. 663 - 664.

Markus Labude, Tsung-Ling LeeCompetencies of Member States Concerned and of Ethics Committees to assess trial applications under the new EU Clinical Trials Regulation, European Journal of Risk Regulation, June 2017. 

Tamra Lysaght, Wendy Lipworth, Tereza Hendl, Ian Kerridge, Tsung-Ling Lee, Megan Munsie, Catherine Waldby, Cameron Stewart, The Deadly Business of an Unregulated Global Stem Cell Industry, Journal of Medical Ethics, November 2017, pp. 744-746.

Tamra Lysaght, Tsung-Ling Lee, Sangeetha Watson, Zohar Lederman, Michele Bailey, Paul Anantharajah Tambyah, Zika in Singapore: Insights from One Health and Social Medicine, Singapore Medical Journal 57(10), October 2016 , pp. 528–529. 

II. Book Chapter

Calvin Wai-Loon Ho, Tsung-Ling LeeGlobal Governance of Anti-microbial resistance: A Legal and Regulatory Toolkit, in Ethics and Antimicrobial Resistance: Collective Responsibility for Global Public Health, Editors: Euzebiusz Jamrozik and Michael Selgelid, CH. 25, October 2020, pp 401-419.

III. Reports, Blogs & Webinars

  • “Visibly Invisible: Taiwan and Global Health”, Think Global Health, 22 August 2022 

  • "Moving Beyond a State-Centric Pandemic Preparedness Paradigm: A Call for Action" in Alicia Ely Yamin, Joelle Grogan and Pedro Villarreal (eds.), International Pandemic Lawmaking: Conceptual and Practical Issues Report (Petrie-Flom Center and Max Planck Institute, November 2021), available at pandemic-lawmaking

  •  “Submission to the Independent Panel for Pandemic Preparedness and Response”, Report submitted to the World Health Organization's Independent Panel for Pandemic Preparedness and Response (2021)

  • "Fighting the Pandemic Taiwan’s Way, With Digital Innovation", ISPI, 19 April, 2021 

  • "When Technocracy Replaces Democracy", Policy Forum, 9 August, 2021 

  • "Moving Beyond a State-Centric Pandemic Preparedness Paradigm: A Call for Action", Bill of Health, 27 September 2021

  • Burci, Gian Luca, Fukuda-Parr, Sakiko, Gross, Aeyal, Lee, Tsung-Ling; Grogan, Joelle: Webinar: Beyond the State – Global Health Governance, VerfBlog, 2021/9/22,