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Tsung-Ling Lee Associate Professor of Law
  • Job title: Associate Professor of Law
  • Name: Tsung-Ling Lee
  • Email:
  • Phone: 02-6620-2589#10508


Tsung-Ling Lee is an Associate Professor of Law at the Institute of Health and Biotechnology Law, Taipei Medical University in Taiwan. She is a legal scholar and interdisciplinary researcher focusing on global health law. Her research areas encompass the interplay between international and domestic law concerning contemporary health issues, the geopolitical implications that underpin the research, dissemination, and oversight of biotechnology, and the examination of legal rules to understand the role of international organizations in global health.

Her current research project focuses on accountability and the role of law in advancing biotechnologies. This includes examining how law, human rights, (bio)ethics, and markets—individually and in combination—contribute to transforming democratic societies into sustainable bio-economies. The interdisciplinary study also explores "informal rulemaking" to facilitate transnational cooperation amongst the relevant actors. 

Areas of Expertise 

International Law

Global Health Law

Global Health Governance 

Health Law and Ethics

Law and Technology 

Selected Publications

I. Articles 

Tsung-Ling LeePandemic Accord, Digital Health Literacy, and Human Rights in the Era of Infodemic, 18 Asian Journal of WTO and International Health Law and Policy, 397-422 (2023).

Tsung-Ling LeeRealising the Right to Participate in Pandemic Prevention, Preparedness and Response and BeyondBMJ Global Health 8(1):e011689 (2023).  

Tsung-Ling LeeTaiwan and the 2005 IHR: Covid-19 and the Evolving Landscape of Global Health, 40 Chinese (Taiwan) Yearbook of International Law and Affairs, 213-224 (2023). 

Tsung-Ling LeeThe Rise of Technocracy and the Covid-19 pandemic in Taiwan: Courts, Human Rights and the Protection of the Vulnerable Populations, 22(6) German Law Journal, 1115-1132 (2021).   

Tsung-Ling LeeCovid-19 Vaccination Certificates and their Geopolitical Discontents, 2(2) European Journal of Risk Regulation, 321-331 (2021).

Tsung-Ling LeeThe 2005 International Health Regulations: Taiwan, Compliance and the Exclusion Paradox, 16(1)
Asian Journal of WTO and International Health Law and Policy, 1-24 (2021).   

Tsung-Ling LeeLegal Preparedness as Part of COVID-19 Response: the First 100 Days in TaiwanBMJ Global Health 5:e002608 (2020). 

Tsung-Ling LeeGlobal Health in a Turbulent Time: A Commentary, 15(1)  Asian Journal of WTO & International Health Law and Policy, 27-60 (2020).   

Tsung-Ling Lee, Two Minutes to Midnight – What International Law can do about Genome Editing, 14(1) Asian Journal of WTO & International Health Law and Policy, 227-265 (2019).   

Tsung-Ling LeeMaking International Health Regulations Work: Lessons from the 2014 Ebola Outbreak, 49 Vanderbilt Journal of Transnational Law, 931-981 (2016).   

Tsung-Ling Lee, Sawai T., Global governance of human brain organoid research and applications: A role for the World Health Organization?, 2(11) Molecular Psychology: Brain, Behavior, and Society (2023).

Masanori Kataoka, Tsung-Ling Lee, Tsutomu Sawai, The Legal Personhood of Human Brain Organoids, 10(1)Journal of Law and the Biosciences, 1-13 (2023).

Lal, A., Abdalla, S.M., Chattu, V.K., Erondu, N.A., Lee, T.-L., Singh, S., Abou-Taleb, H., Vega Morales, J., Phelan, A., Pandemic preparedness and response: exploring the role of universal health coverage within the global health security architecture, 10 The Lancet Global Health, e1675–e1683 (2022).

Sawai, T., Hayashi, Y., Niikawa, T., Shepherd, J., Thomas, E., Lee, T.-L., Erler, A., Watanabe, M., Sakaguchi, H., Mapping the Ethical Issues of Brain Organoid Research and Application, 13 AJOB Neuroscience, 81–94 (2022). 

Tsung-Ling Lee & Tamra Lysaght, Wendy Lipworth, Ian Kerridge, Tsung-Ling Lee & Tamra Lysaght, Conditional Approvals for Autologous Stem Cells: Conflicting Norms, Social Inequalities and Institutional LegitimacyPerspectives in Biology and Medicine, 59-75 (2018).

Tsung-Ling Lee, Tamra LysaghtTereza Hendl, Megan Munsie, Cameron Stewart, Regulating the Stem Cell Industry: Needs and Responsibilities, 95(9) Bulletin of the World Health Organization, 10.2471/blt.16.189977 (IF: 5.302) (2017).    

Tsung-Ling Lee Tamra Lysaght, Adaptive Pathways Regulations for Stem Cells: Accelerating Access to Medicine or Deregulating Access to Markets, 14 Scripted 81 (2017).   

Tsung-Ling Lee, Jing-Wun Huang, The right to health during the Pandemic, the case of Taiwan, 27(2) The Journal of Science and Health Law, 47-77 (2022). 

Markus Labude, Tsung-Ling LeeCompetencies of Member States Concerned and of Ethics Committees to assess trial applications under the new EU Clinical Trials Regulation, European Journal of Risk Regulation, 178-185 (2017).     

Tamra Lysaght,  Tsung-Ling Lee, Sangeetha Watson, Zohar Lederman, Michele Bailey, Paul  Anantharajah Tambyah, Zika in Singapore: Insights from One Health and Social Medicine, 57(10) Singapore Medical Journal, 528–529 (2016).     

Tsung-Ling LeeBook Review (Reviewing Bernard Harcourt, Exposed: Desire and Disobedience in the Digital Age, (2015)), 7(2) European Journal of Risk Regulation, 463-465 (2016)  

Tsung-Ling LeeDissecting Non-Communicable Diseases Policies: Why International Human Rights Are Relevant in the Current Regulatory State, 106 American Society of International Law Proceedings, 260-261 (2012).
II. Book Chapter

Tsung-Ling Lee, CH 15 World Health Organization. Pre-peer review draft forthcoming in The International Law of Economic Integration (Julien Chaisse and Christoph Hermann, eds, Oxford University Press, Forthcoming 2024

Calvin Wai-Loon Ho & Tsung-Ling LeeGlobal Governance of Anti-microbial resistance: A Legal and Regulatory Toolkit, Ethics and Antimicrobial Resistance: Collective Responsibility for Global Public Health, Editors: Euzebiusz Jamrozik and Michael Selgelid, CH. 25, 401-419 (2020).  


III. Invited Lectures (selected)

Emerging Technologies, Social Changes, and Legal Innovation, Asian Law Schools Association, National Yang Ming Chiao Tung University School of Law, December 2-3, 2023.

Conference: The New Generation of Economic Agreements, 8th Asian International Economic Law Network (AIELN), the Asian Center for WTO & International Health Law and Policy (ACWH) of National Taiwan University (NTU) College of Law and the Asian International Economic Law Network 
(AIELN) – the Asian Branch of the Society of International Economic Law (SIEL), College of Law, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan, December 4, 2023.

Governing Genome Editing: Technocracy and the Public, Hiroshima University, November 7, 2023

Digital Health and (In)justice: Power and Health InequalitiesAcademia Sinica, Taipei, Taiwan, October 26, 2023.

The 26th Annual Meeting of the Korean Society for Brain and Neural Sciences, Bexco, Busan, South Korea, September 6-8, 2023. 

Legal issues pertaining to human brain organoid research, Ethical, Legal, and Social Issues of Human Brain Organoid Research and Application, Inamori Hall, Kyoto University, December 2, 2022.

IV. Reports, blogs and others 

  • Signatory, The Principles and Guidelines on Human Rights and Public Health Emergencies, University of Groningen Faculty of Law Research Paper No.14/2023, Available at SSRN:, May 21, 2023.
  • Visibly Invisible: Taiwan and  Global Health, Think Global Health, August 22, 2022.
  • Moving Beyond a State-Centric Pandemic Preparedness Paradigm: A Call for Action, Alicia Ely Yamin, Joelle Grogan and Pedro Villarreal (eds.), International Pandemic Lawmaking: Conceptual and Practical Issues Report (Petrie-Flom Center and Max Planck Institute, November 2021), available at pandemic-lawmaking
  • Submission to the Independent Panel for Pandemic Preparedness and Response, Paper submitted to the World Health Organization's Independent Panel for Pandemic Preparedness and Response, 2021.
  • Fighting the Pandemic Taiwan’s Way, With Digital Innovation, ISPI, 19 April 2021. 
  • When Technocracy Replaces Democracy, Policy Forum, 9 August, 2021.
  • Moving Beyond a State-Centric Pandemic Preparedness Paradigm: A Call for Action, Bill of Health, 27 September 2021.
  • Burci, Gian Luca, Fukuda-Parr, Sakiko, Gross, Aeyal, Lee, Tsung-Ling; Grogan, Joelle: Webinar: Beyond the State – Global Health Governance, VerfBlog, September 22, 2021

Research Gate

Global Health Law Consortium